Dyslexia is defined as a reading disorder that is characterized by trouble with reading despite normal intelligence.Statistics show that 70-80% of people with poor reading skills, are likely dyslexic. It is very difficult to tackle dyslexic kids. Here are some methods that help improve the reading skills of Dyslexic students.
Personalized Teaching Methodology
Dyslexia has many forms. The forms vary from person to person. It can be moderate, mild or profound and can affect many areas of learning such as writing, spelling, attention, organization, math and focus. You will need to understand the particular form your child has. This understanding will help you in choosing a particular reading program. While choosing it, you will have to keep this in mind that it is not magically going to fit your child. You will have to modify it with the passage of time. There will be many things your child will master soon while there will be many things where he will need your constant assistance. You will have to teach him in a creative way, no matter what happens. You cannot afford to lose his interest in the art of reading. Therefore, you will have to constantly find ways to help your child master what he read. You cannot just depend upon your reading program even if it is an Orton-Gillingham-based program. You will have to discover the ways that work best with your child.
You will need to ensure that you include as many senses as possible in the reading instructions. This will stimulate the areas in his brain that are connected with awareness of motion (kinesthetic), feeling (tactile) hearing, and seeing. The more the areas are stimulated, the better reading will be. It will help your child improve his senses of feeling, hearing and sight. For example, you can make instructions multi-sensory in a way that you start pronouncing words by using flashcards and then tap their sounds to read. The more senses you will use, the more information you will consume.
Direct and explicit
Since a dyslexic child faces some difficulties to understand the texts. Hence, you will have to transmit information to him directly and explicitly. You will have to explain him everything in explicit detail. You cannot expect him to infer the information that has anything to do with reading. You will have to teach him all what is important without anticipating that he will understand it in the first go. He may be, but it is highly probable that he might not.
You will have to deliver information to a dyslexic child systematically. You will have to split up information into the manageable chunks to make him understand better. Then, you will have to keep feeding him those smaller chunks daily. This will make him grasp the information more quickly. For example, if you have to improve the grammar of a child, teach him the rules first, give him a rule card for reference, demonstrate those rules by using them in various sentences, and then compare two different sentences with each other where two different rules are being applied. This will help your child create his own espresso of thoughts.
Sequential and Cumulative
You will have to begin your instructions with the simplest tasks. After that, you can head to more complex tasks in a logical fashion. This will not let the readers go wary as there will be all the words they are familiar with. They will have no problem in sounding them out.